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干旱区地理  2012, Vol. 35 Issue (1): 1-9    DOI:
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1 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,荒漠与绿洲生态国家重点实验室, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011;2 中国气象局乌鲁木齐沙漠气象研究所, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830002; 3 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101; 4 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所, 河北 石家庄 050022; 5 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 甘肃 兰州 730000
Ponder on the issues of water resources in the arid region of northwest China
CHEN Ya ning 1,  YANG Qing2, LUO Yi 3, SHEN Yan jun 4,PAN Xiang liang 1, LI Lan hai 1, LI Zhong qin5
1 State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology,Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences 830011,Urumqi,China; 
2 Institute of Desert Meteorology,China Meteorological Administration,830002 Urumqi,China; 3 Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources
 Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,100101,Beijing,China; 4 Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,050022,
Shijiazhuang,China; 5 Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences,730000,Lanzhou,China
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摘要 气候变化与水资源问题是各国政府部门、学术界和社会公众普遍关注的焦点,也是西北干旱区实现跨越式发展的重要瓶颈之一。在分析前人研究成果基础之上,指出制约西北干旱区社会经济发展和生态安全的关键因素和气候变化对西北干旱区水资源的影响;进而分析西北干旱区气候变化与水资源研究中的热点和难点问题;最后基于西北干旱区水资源研究的重要性和迫切性提出目前亟待解决的研究任务与核心内容,主要包括3个方面:(1)气候变化对西北干旱区水资源形成、转化及未来趋势的影响;(2)气候变化对西北干旱区水循环过程的影响;(3)气候变化对西北干旱区水资源安全的影响。
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关键词干旱   演变   持续性   中国西北     
Abstract: Climate change and water resources have been drawn wide attention by the government,academic field and the public. Meanwhile,those issues have a significant effect on the rapid development of economy in arid region of northwest China to some degree. The arid region of northwest China is featured by wide area,accounting for about 1/4 of the total area of the country,and plays an vital role in economic development as China[JP10]’[JP]s energy base. However,water resources system is very fragile and the climate change in arid region is sensitive to the global climate. Therefore,it is necessary to enhance the water resources system in arid region of northwest to address climate change and allocate limited water resources rationally. Based on the previous research results,this paper analyzes the influence factors of social and economic development and ecological security and the impacts of climate change on water resources in arid region of northwest. Moreover,the hot and difficult issues of climate change and water resources are explored,including water vapor source and climate changes,the change trends of glacial ablation and glacier water resources,water cycle process and simulation,and the vulnerability of water systems and water safety threshold,water resources allocation of “Water-eco-social economy”. Finally,the author probes into the impacts of the climate change on the formation and transformation of water resources and the future trends and the effects of climate change on water cycle process and water resource security in arid region of northwest.
Key words:   
收稿日期: 2011-11-21;


作者简介: 陈亚宁(1958-),男,研究员,主要从事干旱区水资源与地表过程研究。
陈亚宁,杨青,罗毅等. 西北干旱区水资源问题研究思考[J]. 干旱区地理, 2012, 35(1): 1-9.
CHEN Ya-Ning,YANG Qing,LUO Yi et al. Ponder on the issues of water resources in the arid region of northwest China[J]. , 2012, 35(1): 1-9.
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