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干旱区地理 ›› 2015, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 1069-1076.

• 区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于改进模糊Borda法的中亚农业投资环境组合评价分析

汪晶晶, 马惠兰   

  1. 新疆农业大学经济与贸易学院, 新疆乌鲁木齐 830052
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-17 修回日期:2015-05-02 出版日期:2015-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 马惠兰(1962-),女,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:农业经济、区域经济.Email:mhl2020@sina.com E-mail:mhl2020@sina.com
  • 作者简介:汪晶晶(1988-),男,安徽黄山人,新疆农业大学博士研究生,研究方向:投资与管理.Email:499854745@qq.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家国际科技合作计划项目(2010DFA92720-13);2014年农业部国际交流与合作项目;新疆人文社会科学重点研究基地干旱区农村发展研究中心资助

Combined evaluation analysis on agricultural investment environment in Central Asia based on improved fuzzy Borda method

WANG Jing-jing, MA Hui-lan   

  1. School of Economics and Trade, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052, Xinjiang, China
  • Received:2015-01-17 Revised:2015-05-02 Online:2015-09-25

摘要: 中亚被认为是丝绸之路经济带沿线最具有投资潜力的地区,对其农业投资环境的评价将有助于我国企业"走出去"到中亚各国开展农业投资合作。通过构建由政治与法律环境、经济与对外开放环境、基础设施与公共服务环境、农业生产环境4个方面27项指标组成的综合评价指标体系,采用改进模糊Borda法的组合模型进行评价分析。结果表明:经济与对外开放环境、基础设施与公共服务环境、农业生产环境是影响中亚国家农业投资环境的主要方面;空间维度上,哈萨克斯坦农业投资环境相对最好,得分均值最高(254.056),乌兹别克斯坦(131.110)吉尔吉斯斯坦(107.158)两国次之,塔吉克斯坦(17.673)和土库曼斯坦(15.886)两国最低;时间维度上,哈、吉、乌三国农业投资环境总体呈趋好态势,而塔、土两国农业投资环境较差,处于不稳定状态。

关键词: 改进模糊Borda法, 农业投资环境, 组合评价, 中亚五国

Abstract: Central Asia is considered as the region with the best investment potential along the "Silk Road Economic Belt". The evaluation of its agricultural investment environment is helpful to "going out" to Central Asia to develop agricultural investment and cooperation for Chinese enterprises. In order to comprehensively evaluate agricultural investment environment in Central Asia and reveal its space difference and time trend, this paper chose five Central Asian countries from 2008 to 2012 as the research subjects. Based on comprehensive consideration of general factors that affects the investment environment and with reference to the evaluation index of FAO and some relevant scholars, the paper established the evaluation index system which consisted of 4 aspects, 27 indicators of the political and legal environment, economical and the opening up environment, infrastructure and public service environment, agricultural production environment. To take the full use of simple evaluation methods' advantages and overcoming their shortcomings to some degree, the multi-factor comprehensive evaluation method based on the principal component analysis, entropy method, mean variance method and the maximum deviation method were firstly implemented to decide the comprehensive evaluation value and rank position. And on the basis of passing by priori test of combined evaluation, the evaluation results of four methods above were combined with improved fuzzy Borda method, so that the result of combined evaluation is obtained. The results show as follows:Firstly, economical and the opening up environment, infrastructure and public service environment, agricultural production environment are the main aspects influencing Central Asian agricultural investment environment. Secondly, combined evaluation model based on improved fuzzy Borda method has good effectiveness according to the result of post test. Thirdly, on the dimension of space, average combined evaluation value of Kazakhstan's agriculture investment environment is the highest(254.056), Uzbekistan(131.110)and Kyrgyzstan (107.158)take the second rank, Tajikistan(17.673)and Turkmenistan(15.886)are the lowest; Fourthly, on the dimension of time, the agricultural investment environment of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan are meliorated in general, and that of Tajikistan and Turkmenistan are relatively worse and in the unstable state.In addition, this paper analyzed the reasons which lead to the differences of agricultural investment environment.

Key words: Improved fuzzy Borda method, Agricultural investment environment, Combined evaluation, Five Central Asian countries

中图分类号: 

  • F323.9