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干旱区地理
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干旱区地理  2018, Vol. 41 Issue (4): 679-685    DOI: 10.12118/j.issn.1000-6060.2018.04.01
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不对称性相互依赖背景下中吉自由贸易实现路径——基于局部均衡理论的模拟
高志刚, 宋亚东
新疆财经大学经济学院, 新疆 乌鲁木齐 830012
Way of free trade between China and Kyrgyzstan under the background of asymmetry interdependence:A simulation based on partial equilibrium theory
GAO Zhi-gang, SONG Ya-dong
Xinjiang University of Finance & Economics, Urumqi 830012, Xinjing, China
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摘要 不对称性相互依赖是中国和吉尔吉斯斯坦经贸合作的常态,中吉自由贸易是丝绸之路经济带互联互通战略的重要组成部分,也是我国向西开展自贸区进程的突破点。文章运用局部均衡模型从BEC产品层面模拟分析了不同关税策略下中吉自贸区的贸易效应及本国经济效应。研究表明:在相同的关税削减幅度的情形下,2002—2016年间中吉贸易效应与其贸易额呈正相关;关税削减对中国和吉尔吉斯斯坦的贸易效应、福利效应及关税损失比较显著,尤其是中国,且对不同商品的影响存在显著差异,其中尤以工业品最为显著;综合考量贸易效应和福利效应,中国的最优策略是直接采取零关税,而吉国则是逐渐削减关税。
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高志刚
宋亚东
关键词不对称性相互依赖   中吉自由贸易   局部均衡模型   贸易效应     
Abstract: The asymmetry interdependence is the normal state of economic and trade cooperation between China and Kyrgyzstan.Free trade between China and Kyrgyzstan is an important part of the interconnection strategy of the Silk Road Economic Belt,and it is also a breakthrough point for China to carry out the free trade zone process to the west.The paper uses the partial equilibrium model to simulate the trade effects and domestic economic effects of China and Kyrgyzstan free trade zone under different tariff strategies from the BEC products.The research shows that under the same scope of tariff cuts,the changes in the trade effect between 2002 and 2016 in China and Kyrgyzstan are basically the same as the changes in the export trade of the two countries at that stage,which indicated that the trade effect is positively related to the trade volume.In 2016,the mutual reduction of tariffs between China and Kyrgyzstan has a significant impact on the trade effect,welfare improvement and tariff loss of the two sides,and there are significant differences in the impact on different commodities,especially for China's trade promotion.For China,the most important products for trade promotion and impact on China are processed industrial products.It is also the most obvious tariff loss to China.The most significant product for China's welfare improvement is industrial finished goods.Primary industrial supplies are the products that have the most significant impact on Kyrgyzstan's trade promotion.The most significant products for Kyrgyzstan's welfare improvement and tax losses are processed industrial products.The key to achieving the free trade between China and Kyrgyzstan is to find a balance between the two sides, so as to increase the enthusiasm of the Kyrgyz Republic to build a free trade zone.Based on comprehensive considerations,China's optimal strategy is to directly adopt zero tariffs,while Kyrgyzstan is gradually reducing tariffs.
Key wordsasymmetry interdependence   China-Kyrgyzstan free trade   partial equilibrium model   trade effect   
收稿日期: 2017-11-07;
基金资助:国家社科基金重大项目“中国新疆周边国家经济安全机制比较和整合研究”(14ZDA088);新疆财经大学科研创新项目“中国与吉尔吉斯经贸合作的影响因素与经济效应研究”(XJUFE2017B003)的阶段性成果
作者简介: 高志刚(1972-),男,河南濮阳人,新疆财经大学副校长、博士、教授、博士生导师,研究方向为区域经济合作与可持续发展.E-mail:gaozhg1206@163.com;宋亚东(1990-),女,山东菏泽人,新疆财经大学经济学院区域经济学硕士研究生,研究方向为区域经济合作与政策
引用本文:   
高志刚,宋亚东. 不对称性相互依赖背景下中吉自由贸易实现路径——基于局部均衡理论的模拟[J]. 干旱区地理, 2018, 41(4): 679-685.
GAO Zhi-gang,SONG Ya-dong. Way of free trade between China and Kyrgyzstan under the background of asymmetry interdependence:A simulation based on partial equilibrium theory[J]. 干旱区地理, 2018, 41(4): 679-685.
 
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[1] 方创琳, 鲍超, 马海涛, 罗奎. 丝绸之路经济带中哈国际合作示范区人文社会交流合作重点与路径[J]. 干旱区地理, 2016, 39(6): 1342-1349.
[2] 旦志红, 方创琳, 何伦志. 丝绸之路经济带中国-哈萨克斯坦国际合作示范区互市贸易区建设探析[J]. 干旱区地理, 2016, 39(5): 987-993.
[3] 方创琳, 鲍超, 马海涛, 罗奎. 丝绸之路经济带中哈国际合作示范区人文社会交流合作重点与路径[J]. 干旱区地理, 2016, 39(6): 1342-1349.
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