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干旱区地理 ›› 2015, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 887-899.

• 气候与水文 • 上一篇    下一篇

一种基于植被指数-地表温度特征空间的蒸散指数

贺广均1,2,3, 冯学智1,2, 肖鹏峰1,2, 李虎4, 余涛5, 叶李灶1,2   

  1. 1. 南京大学江苏省地理信息技术重点实验室, 江苏南京 210023;
    2. 南京大学地理信息科学系, 江苏南京 210023;
    3. 天地一体化信息技术国家重点实验室, 航天恒星科技有限公司, 中国空间技术研究院, 北京 100086;
    4. 新疆维吾尔自治区卫星应用工程中心, 新疆乌鲁木齐 830000;
    5. 中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-11 修回日期:2015-04-07 出版日期:2015-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 肖鹏峰.Email:xiaopf@gmail.com E-mail:xiaopf@gmail.com
  • 作者简介:贺广均(1987-),男,博士研究生,研究方向为资源环境遥感.Email:hgjun_2006@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技重大专项课题(95-Y40B02-9001-13/15-04);新疆维吾尔自治区自然科学基金(2013211B45)

An evapotranspiration index from Ts-VI feature space

HE Guang-jun1,2,3, FENG Xue-zhi1,2, XIAO Peng-feng1,2, LI Hu4, YU Tao5, YE Li-zao1,2   

  1. 1. Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science and Technology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, China;
    2. Department of Geographic Information Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Space Ground Integrated Information Technology, Space Star Technology Corporation limited, China Academy of Space Technology, Beijing 100086, China;
    4. Satellite application engineering center of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi 830000, Xinjiang, China;
    5. Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2015-01-11 Revised:2015-04-07 Online:2015-09-25

摘要: 利用遥感获取的植被指数和地表温度信息,进行地表能量和水分平衡过程研究是目前陆表过程研究的前沿。根据地表能量和水分平衡原理,对地表温度(Ts)、植被指数(VI),地表蒸散发(ET)之间的空间关系进行了分析,并基于假设条件,构建了温度植被蒸散指数(TVETI)。为验证TVETI表征地表蒸散的能力,利用环境卫星数据和SEBAL模型,对SEBAL模型中各能量通量构建的蒸散指数与TVETI进行线性回归分析,从2012年4~9月6个不同日期的确定性系数分别为:0.838、0.935、0.912、0.921、0.926、0.825, TVETI能很好的表征地表蒸散能力。通过对SEBAL模型估算的ETTVETI估算的ET进行交叉验证发现,两者大小一致性显著, TVETI可以实现区域尺度地表蒸散发的快速估算。

关键词: 干旱半干旱区, HJ-1卫星, 地表能量水分平衡, 温度植被蒸散指数, 地表蒸散发

Abstract: Evapotranspiration(ET) in arid and semi-arid regions is a key factor for regional energy balance,hydrological cycle and water utilization. Remote sensing technology can provide land surface parameters as inputs for the land surface energy balance model and has been successfully applied to estimate surface evapotranspiration(ET) at different regions. Since 1990s, a series of ET models are build on the use of net solar radiation flux (Rn), soil heat flux(G), sensible heat flux(H) estimated from remote sensing data of visible, near infrared, thermal infrared spectral band. These models can be divided into two categories, the single-layer model of Penman-Monteith(P-M)and the "residue approach" that H is the core inversion parameter. Although great progress has been made on the improvement of the ET models, there are several related problems that have not yet been solved properly. A typical problem is that most of high-precision ET models cannot be used operationally for lack of ground-based measurements. In this paper, an ET model only need land surface temperature(LST), normalized difference vegetation index(NDVI) is introduced. In the model, the space relation of land surface temperature, vegetable index and ET were analyzed according to the principle of energy and water balance, based on assumptions that the study area cover a full range of vegetation cover and soil wetness conditions, and H is in proportional to the temperature difference between atmospheric before receiving solar radiation and land surface after receiving solar radiation, the temperature vegetable evapotranspiration index(TVETI) was built by using the dry and wet edges in the Ts-VI trapezoid space. As a typical arid area, Karamay area, Xinjiang, China was selected as the study area and HJ-1 satellite data was selected as the remote sensing data, ET on six different dates from April to September were estimated using combined TVETI and Rn. Then, ET estimated from SEBAL model was used to validate the TVETI. Regression analysis of TVETI and ET index obtained from SEBAL model showed that dates from April to September, certainty coefficient are respectively:0.838, 0.935, 0.912, 0.921, 0.926, 0.825. TVETI is effectively in characterizing the surface evapotranspiration condition. Moreover, cross validation were carry out between ET estimated by using TVETI and SEBAL model, regression analysis showed that the certainty coefficient are respectively:0.712, 0.831, 0.828, 0.884, 0.877, 0.690. TVETI can be used to estimate ET operationally in the study area and provide a reasonable estimation accuracy with only satellite derived parameters. However, for lack of ground experimental data, ET estimated from SEBAL model was selected as the validation data, leading to errors in the validation part. The proposed TVETI depends on assumption that H is in proportional to the temperature difference between atmospheric before receiving solar radiation and land surface, calculative process of H is more complicated in actual calculation. On the other hand, the dry and wet edges in the Ts-VI trapezoid space is built on the condition that the study area cover a full range of vegetation cover and soil wetness conditions, this cannot be easily realized in arid areas. In practical, the dry and wet edges are obtained from the fitting result of the LST and NDVI, equation of the dry and wet edges are short of rigid physical significance that causing uncertainty in the building of TVETI. To reduce the uncertainty in the proposed TVETI, further work needs to be carried out to verify the relevant parameters and more validation work needs to be performed for different remote sensing data in different regions.

Key words: arid and semi-arid region, HJ-1 satellite, energy and water balance of soil surface, TVETI, evapotranspiration

中图分类号: 

  • P426